1732: King George II granted a Royal Charter for the establishment of the colony of Georgia in America.
721: An Ummayad army under the command of Al-Samh ibn Malik al-Khawlani was crushed at the battle of Toulouse by a Frankish force led by Duke Odo of Aquitaine. Al-Samh was mortally wounded.
1812: Birth in Radis, Wittenberg, of German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle. In September 1846 Galle became the first person to observe Neptune in the knowledge that it was a planet.
Compiled by Julian Humphrys – You can follow Julian on Twitter @GeneralJules