Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine (c1122–1204) was one of the most powerful figures in 12th-century Europe. As Duchess of Aquitaine she married King Louis VII of France, and then Henry II of England, by whom she had eight of her 10 children. Eleanor and Henry had a troubled relationship and she spent 16 years imprisoned by her husband for supporting their son Henry in a revolt against his father. She was released when another of her sons became King Richard I and she ruled England in his name when he went on crusade. Eleanor of Aquitaine died in 1204 during the reign of her youngest son, King John.