Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882–1945), was president of the United States from 1933 until 1945. Born into a wealthy New York family, FDR’s political rise was rapid, despite the illness which left him using a wheelchair. As president he implemented his New Deal, a programme of spending and reforms designed to lift America out of the Great Depression. When the Second World War broke out in 1939, he supported Britain, Russia and China before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour in December 1941 brought the US fully into the war. He died just before war ended in 1945.