Marie Curie (1867–1934) became world-famous for her pioneering research into radioactivity. Born Maria Skłodowska in Poland in 1867, she travelled to Paris to study. With her husband and fellow-scientist Pierre Curie as well as Henri Becquerel, she won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics for work on radiation. She won the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry in her own right for discovering two elements, radium and polonium. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris.