Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658) was a military leader during the English Civil Wars, and later the head of the Commonwealth of England. Born in Huntingdon in 1599, he was a minor landowner and MP who joined with the Parliamentary forces and was instrumental in forming a professional military force known as the New Model Army. He also led later campaigns in Scotland and in Ireland where his forces acted with notable brutality. The political instability following the execution of King Charles I in 1649 would lead to Cromwell becoming, in effect, a military dictator with the title ‘Lord Protector’.

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