Saladin

Salah-al-Din, also known as Saladin (c1137/38–93), was a 12th-century Kurdish Sunni Muslim leader. As sultan of Egypt, he conquered territories including modern Syria, parts of Iraq and much of the Arabian peninsula, but he is best known for his wars with the Crusaders. His overwhelming victory at the battle of Hattin in 1187 secured Muslim control of Palestine and much of Jerusalem. Saladin is a totemic figure to many because of his religious piety, his care for the poor, his unification of much of the Arab world and his successful opposition to European invaders.

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