1811: Scottish doctor James Young Simpson was born in Bathgate, West Lothian. Simpson discovered the anesthetic qualities of chloroform, which he first used to ease the pain of childbirth.
1512: The Marquess of Dorset landed in Spain with 10,000 men to join Ferdinand or Aragon in an attack on France. In fact Ferdinand was more interested in securing Navarre, and the expedition achieved nothing.
1937: American actress Jean Harlow dies, aged 26. She starred in Hell’s Angels, Red Dust and Dinner at Eight.
Compiled by Julian Humphrys – You can follow Julian on Twitter @GeneralJules