1868: Karl Landsteiner was born near Vienna. In 1930 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery of human blood groups.
1789: Cast adrift in an open boat by the Bounty mutineers, Captain William Bligh and 17 loyal members of his crew succeeded in reaching Timor, after a gruelling 3,600-mile voyage.
1940: German troops entered an undefended Paris, marching past the Arc de Triomphe on what was the 140th anniversary of Napoleon’s decisive victory over the Austrians at the battle of Marengo.
Compiled by Julian Humphrys – You can follow Julian on Twitter @GeneralJules