Study explores influence of First World War slang
The First World War had a significant effect on the English language, according to the results of a new study. Peter Doyle, a military historian, and Julian Walker, an etymologist working at the British Library, studied thousands of letters, diaries, trench newspapers and official military reports from the period, and suggest that the conflict both brought army slang into everyday conservation and saw regional and foreign words become common throughout the UK.
19th-century underground railway carriage restored
A 19th-century underground railway carriage that was later used as a shed is set to go on display following the completion of a 15-month project. The vehicle, which dates from 1892 and was used on the London Metropolitan Railway, has been restored by a team at the Ffestiniog and Welsh Highland Railway. Visitors to the London Transport Museum will be able to view the carriage from January in a new exhibition marking the 150th anniversary of the London Underground.
Local history scheme receives £4.5m grant
More than 500 projects around the UK are set to receive a share of a £4.5m grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund to help encourage people to get involved in local history. The initiatives, which form part of the All Our Stories programme developed in conjunction with the BBC Two series The Great British Story: A People’s History, include explorations of the Irish Trade Union movement, the history of Cambridge United Football Club and an online archive of the Raleigh Bicycles factory in Nottingham.
HMS Caroline veterans wanted for new project
Veterans and relatives of people who served on HMS Caroline during the First World War are being asked to contribute their stories to a new oral history project. The scheme, organised by the National Museum of the Royal Navy, will run alongside restoration work on the cruiser, which was built in 1914 and is the last remaining vessel to have been involved in the Battle of Jutland in 1916.
Battle of Culloden report sells for £800 at auction
An account of the battle of Culloden in 1746, produced within days of the event, has sold for £800 at auction in Ludlow. The document was discovered by in a loft by a builder and is thought to have been written on behalf of the Duke of Cumberland, whose forces defeated troops loyal to Charles Edward Stuart.
Cyrus Cylinder set to go on loan to the US
The Cyrus Cylinder, a Babylonian artefact held at the British Museum and regarded by some experts as the earliest known list of human rights, is set to go on loan to five museums in the US. The cylinder is covered with Babylonian cuneiform writing and is thought to date to around 539 BC, and will go on display at institutions including the J Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles and New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art.
A ride in the Popemobile: yours for only 250 euros
The small yellow van that carried Pope John Paul II through Ireland on his visit to the country in 1979 is now available to hire following a 60,000-euro restoration. The vehicle now features 14 seats alongside the original chair used by the pope, and is available for stag parties, charity events and private users at an hourly rate of 250 euros.
Image credits: London Transport Museum (railway carriage); National Museum of the Royal Navy (HMS Caroline); British Museum (Cyrus Cylinder)