20 battles that shaped Britain
From Culloden to the Crimea, Salamanca to the Somme, National Army Museum experts offer their opinions on the most significant land battles in British history
Cromwell ends monarchy’s supremacy for good
The battle was also a victory for the discipline that Oliver Cromwell instilled in his cavalry. Initially triumphant on the left, Prince Rupert’s royalist horsemen charged wildly off the battlefield in pursuit of their opponents. In contrast, Cromwell’s ‘Ironsides’, victorious on the opposite flank, rallied immediately and attacked the royalist infantry from behind. Although these had been getting the better of the parliamentarian foot soldiers, they now surrendered.