My history hero: Robert Baden Powell (1857–1941)

Chosen by adventurer and chief scout Bear Grylls

Robert Baden-Powell in the 1920s. "He was relentlessly positive – with phrases like 'kick the "im" out of the word impossible," says Bear Grylls. (Photo by Mondadori Portfolio via Getty Images)

This article was first published in the November 2013 issue of BBC History Magazine 

Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Scout Movement and first chief scout of the Boy Scouts Association, served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910. In 1899–1900, he successfully defended Mafeking during the famous siege of the same name in the Boer War. In 1908, he founded the Scout Movement, which now has over 30 million members worldwide. His 1908 book, Scouting for Boys, has sold over 100m copies. He spent his final years in Kenya where he died and was buried.

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