My history hero: Robert Baden Powell (1857–1941)
Chosen by adventurer and chief scout Bear Grylls
Robert Baden-Powell, founder of the Scout Movement and first chief scout of the Boy Scouts Association, served in the British Army from 1876 until 1910. In 1899–1900, he successfully defended Mafeking during the famous siege of the same name in the Boer War. In 1908, he founded the Scout Movement, which now has over 30 million members worldwide. His 1908 book, Scouting for Boys, has sold over 100m copies. He spent his final years in Kenya where he died and was buried.