The island fortress fallacy

Across the millennia, Britain's landscape, psyche and genetic makeup have been irrevocably altered by the threat, and the reality, of invasions. Sam Willis and David Coward investigate...

A British soldier uses a searchlight to spot German aircraft during the Second World War. Britain has lived with the fear of invasion for several centuries, a fact reflected in its architecture, its art and its people’s mental health. (Photo by David Savill/Getty Images)

This article was first published in the Christmas 2017 issue of BBC History Magazin

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