My history hero: Henry V
Actor Robert Hardy explains why he admires a medieval king
Henry V was king of England from 1413-22, the second monarch from the House of Lancaster. The teenage prince gained valuable military experience in the campaigns against Owain Glyndwr during the Welsh revolt, and was nearly killed by an arrow at the battle of Shrewsbury in 1403. On becoming king, he resumed hostilities with France in the Hundred Years’ War, defeating the French at Agincourt in 1415, and coming close to conquering the country. He was the first king to use English in his personal correspondence since the Norman Conquest, and encouraged its use in government. He died in 1422.