The Celts: were they friends or foes of the Romans?

In popular imagination, the Romans and the Celts were in a perpetual state of war. Yet, argues Barry Cunliffe, for more than a century the two peoples' relationship was defined every bit as much by trade, cultural exchange and cooperation as violence and subjugation

A Gallo-Roman image shows wine being transported. According to Barry Cunliffe, there was a long period when the Romans traded extensively with the Celts of Gaul, tribes with whom the Romans co-existed in relative peace. (Photo by BeBa/Iberfoto/Mary Evans)

This article was first published in the Christmas 2018 edition of BBC History Magazine

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