The fury that fuelled the rise of atheism

Those who questioned the existence of God in the 16th and 17th centuries weren’t acting on a cool analysis of the scientific evidence but on anxiety and raw anger. By Alec Ryrie

A 16th-century woodcut by Albrecht Dürer entitled 'The true and false apostles of Christ'. As the Reformation recast Europe's spiritual landscape, many believers fretted that their religion no longer felt true to them. (Photo by Alamy)

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