1928: An Imperial Airways Argosy aeroplane piloted by First World War air ace Gordon Olley raced the London and North Eastern Railways’ Flying Scotsman from London to Edinburgh. Olley made two stops to refuel but beat the train by about 15 minutes.
1330: Birth in Woodstock of Edward the Black Prince, the eldest son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault. He fought at Crecy and Poitiers, and died in 1376, a year before his father. The throne eventually passed to his son, who reigned as Richard II.
1567: Mary Queen of Scots and Lord Bothwell were defeated by the Scottish Protestant Lords at the battle of Carberry Hill.