1940: Leon Trotsky died of his injuries after being struck on the head with an ice pick by Soviet agent Ramon Mercader, who attacked him in his study.
1612: Diego Sarmiento, 1st Count of Gondomar, was appointed Spanish ambassador to London. His plans to arrange a marriage between Prince Charles and the infanta Maria Anna of Spain eventually came to nothing.
1831: Outbreak in Southampton County, Virginia, of Nat Turner’s slave revolt: more than 50 whites were killed in the rebellion. In its suppression more than 100 enslaved Africans were killed and 16 more were hanged, including Turner himself.
Compiled by Julian Humphrys – You can follow Julian on Twitter @GeneralJules