The rise of Churchill, the first clash of the English Civil War and a legendary cricketer: 3 things that happened On This Day in history 23 October

What happened on this day in history? We round up three famous events, births, battles and deaths...

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23 October

1911: Winston Churchill was appointed first lord of the Admiralty. He did much to prepare the Royal Navy for a modern war but was removed from the post in 1915 after the failure of the Dardanelles campaign which he himself proposed.

1642: In the first major battle of the English Civil War, the armies of King Charles I and the Earl of Essex clashed at Edgehill in Warwickshire. The battle was largely indecisive, although the royalists ended the day in control of the road to London.

23 October

1911: Winston Churchill was appointed first lord of the Admiralty. He did much to prepare the Royal Navy for a modern war but was removed from the post in 1915 after the failure of the Dardanelles campaign which he himself proposed.

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1642: In the first major battle of the English Civil War, the armies of King Charles I and the Earl of Essex clashed at Edgehill in Warwickshire. The battle was largely indecisive, although the royalists ended the day in control of the road to London.

1900: Cricketer Douglas Jardine was born in Bombay, India. He is best remembered for his captaincy on the 1932/33 ‘Bodyline’ Ashes tour where his uncompromising use of short pitched bowling proved too much for an increasingly disgruntled Australian team.

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Compiled by Julian Humphrys – You can follow Julian on Twitter @GeneralJules