The rise of Churchill, the first clash of the English Civil War and a legendary cricketer: 3 things that happened On This Day in history 23 October

What happened on this day in history? We round up three famous events, births, battles and deaths...

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23 October

1911: Winston Churchill was appointed first lord of the Admiralty. He did much to prepare the Royal Navy for a modern war but was removed from the post in 1915 after the failure of the Dardanelles campaign which he himself proposed.

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1642: In the first major battle of the English Civil War, the armies of King Charles I and the Earl of Essex clashed at Edgehill in Warwickshire. The battle was largely indecisive, although the royalists ended the day in control of the road to London.

1900: Cricketer Douglas Jardine was born in Bombay, India. He is best remembered for his captaincy on the 1932/33 ‘Bodyline’ Ashes tour where his uncompromising use of short pitched bowling proved too much for an increasingly disgruntled Australian team.

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Compiled by Julian Humphrys – You can follow Julian on Twitter @GeneralJules