1631: Arjumand Banu Begum, better known as Mumtaz Mahal, the favourite wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, died in childbirth in Burhanpur. The Taj Mahal in Agra was built as her mausoleum.
1837: Charles Goodyear received his first patent for processing rubber.
1040: Following the death of his half-brother, Harold Harefoot, Harthacnut landed at Sandwich with 62 ships to claim the throne of England. One of his first acts as king was to have his predecessor’s body dug up and thrown into a bog.